The Amazing Endless Loop

Download the printable here to take a bicyclist on a never-ending journey across a möbius loop! A möbius loop is a special kind of shape that, when folded together from a flat strip, only has one side instead of top side or bottom side or inside or outside. That means if you start moving along it, you can loop all over it forever and ever!

  1. Ages: 5 - 16

  2. <30 minutes

  3. A little messy


Materials you'll need

Step-by-step tutorial

  • Step 1

    Gather your materials.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 1

  • Step 2

    Cut the printable along the dotted lines.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 2

  • Step 3

    Glue the roads to each other so that each road has a front and a back.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 3

  • Step 4

    Tape the roads together to create one long road.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 4

  • Step 5

    Bend the road into a loop. Before you tape the ends together, twist one end 180 degrees. Then, tape them together.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 5

  • Step 6

    Fold the bicyclist on the solid lines.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 6

  • Step 7

    Tape the bicyclist around the loop and push him to the start line.

    Photo reference of how to complete step 7

  • Step 8

    Start the bicyclist at the start line and guide him around the loop. Where does he finish?

    Photo reference of how to complete step 8

  • Learn moremagnifying icon graphic

    The amazing thing about a möbius loop is that it’s one-sided. The strip of paper, before you folded it, had a clear top and bottom side. But with the möbius loop, those sides are combined into one. If you put a pencil anywhere on it and draw a line following the middle , you’d be able to write on the top and bottom of the strip, without ever picking up your pencil or going over an edge. And finally you’d end up back where you started, to keep looping endlessly.

    The study of shapes like this is called topology. You can study the topology of your loop by trying out a few other things:

    - Take a marker and draw along one of the edges of the loop. Where do you end up? (Spoiler: Yes, you end up back where you started. Not only is there just one side to a möbius loop, there’s also only one edge!)

    - Cut the loop in half down the center of the road (you can always print and make a new one after!). How does cutting it in half change the loop?

    - Twist the strip twice to make your loop. How does that change the bike’s journey, or your other explorations?

    - What else can you discover about your möbius loop?

  • Factmagnifying icon graphic

    You can sometimes see the möbius loop in magic shows under the alias of “Afghan Bands!”

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